According to a recent study published in Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, nearly 70 percent of people who have visual impairments are over the age of 65. While some of those vision problems can easily be mitigated with glasses, seniors should never ignore their eye health. When left untreated, many of the most common eye problems could lead to partial or complete blindness.
1. Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
At the very center of the retina is a small structure known as the macula, and that piece of tissue is responsible for central vision. As an individual grows older, the macula can begin to warp or become damaged, which is known as age-related macular degeneration. Even though AMD is an incurable eye disease, there are quite a few treatments that can minimize vision loss, including prescription glasses, laser therapy, and anti-angiogenic drugs.
Seniors with vision impairment may need assistance to be able to continue living at home. For many seniors in Harrisburg, PA, live-in care is an essential component of aging in place safely and comfortably. However, it’s important for them to have caregivers they can trust and rely on. At Home Care Assistance, we extensively screen all of our live-in and 24-hour caregivers and only hire those who have experience in the senior home care industry. Our strict requirements ensure seniors can remain in the comfort of home with a reduced risk of injury or serious illness.
2. Diabetic Eye Disease
Also known as diabetic retinopathy, diabetic eye disease is a very common vision problem among older adults. Over time, diabetes can damage all the blood vessels throughout the retina, which could have a huge impact on eye health. To prevent diabetic retinopathy, seniors who have diabetes should do everything in their power to treat this pervasive disease. Luckily, type 2 diabetes can often be reversed with nothing more than changes to diet and regular exercise.
When pressure within the eye remains elevated for a long time, it can result in a condition known as glaucoma. Those who have glaucoma often face difficulties with their peripheral vision, and they can develop tunnel vision if they don’t seek treatment. The most common treatment for glaucoma is a mixture of oral medication and eye drops that reduce swelling. For advanced glaucoma, an eye doctor might suggest a procedure that removes some of the fluid that’s built up in the eyes.
If your loved one is living with vision loss and needs assistance with daily tasks, help is available. Seniors can face a variety of challenges as they age, many of which can be mitigated with the help of professional in-home caregivers who provide high-quality senior care. Harrisburg families trust Home Care Assistance to help their elderly loved ones age in place safely and comfortably.
The lenses in the eyes should be clear and flexible, but they can become damaged over time. As the years go by, a senior’s lenses could become stiff or cloudy, negatively impacting vision. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 50 percent of the senior population will develop cataracts by the age of 75. The most effective way to treat cataracts is a procedure known as lens replacement surgery, and modern artificial lenses often last for 20 years or longer.
5. Dry Eye Syndrome
Healthy eyes naturally lubricate themselves, flushing out germs, dust, dander, and other debris. However, there may come a time when the eyes can no longer produce enough moisture, which can lead to dry eye syndrome. Treating dry eyes usually requires a multifaceted plan that includes eye drops, dietary changes, oral medications, and proper lid hygiene.
There are a variety of age-related health conditions that can make it more challenging for seniors to live independently. However, many of the challenges they face can be easier to address if their families opt for professional elderly home care. You can rely on expertly trained caregivers to keep your loved one safe and comfortable while aging in place. For compassionate, reliable in-home care, trust the experienced professionals from Home Care Assistance. Call us today at (717) 540-4663 to discuss how we can give you the peace of mind that comes from knowing your loved one is being cared for with professionalism and compassion.